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FOURTH GENERATION

10. John MEADOR Sr was born in 1658 in Charles Parish, York County, Crown Colony Of, Virginia. He signed a will on Oct 17 1721 in Rappahanock , Essex County, Virginia. He died on Nov 21 1721 in Rappahanock , Essex County, Virginia. He has Ancestral File number 9BSR-W9. Essex County was formed in 1692 from Rappahonock County, which became extinct.

John was " in the Parish of Farnham of Rappahannock County, Virginia, in the late 1600's and early 1700's, John Meadors (1659-1721) was a good citizen and family man. It is here he spent his days raising a new family, tending his tobacco crop, serving on juries, and doing other tasks as required by the Administrator of the Colony."

"Children named in Will by the first marriage: Thomas, Rachel, Jordan, Elizabeth Armstrong,
Diniah (Esther). Children named in Will by the second marriage: Jonas, Job, Joshua, Jason, Mary."

He was probably about 4 or 5 when his father died. He probably spent his childhood with his mother Sarah and his step-father, Henry Awbrey.

Sold 320 acrea in 1679 in Lancaster County. His records continue in Essex County, VA. The name of his second wife is not known. His will was written October 17, 1721 and entered for probate November 23, 1721.

The naming of all of the sons of the last marriage with the initial "J" , a custom which survived for several generations and now serves to identify this branch of the Meadows family. While the rest of the family remained in Essex County, these four sons emigrated to Cumberland and Lunenburg Counties, with Job, Jason and possibly Joshua proceeding on to Anson County, NC and to Fairfield County, SC."

John was born about 1638 in Essex County, Virginia. From his father, John inherited the 320 acre grant at Hoskins Creek. John also received the 450 acre grant on Hoskins Creek, adjoining the 320 acre grant. As he was only 4 or 5 years old when his father died, he couldn't occupy his inherited lands at that time.

Before his mother's remarriage, she provided for the maintenance and education of John, promising him four years of school. In another document, she gave John a yoke of oxen and "one gun, seven foot by the barrel."

John spent his childhood with his siblings, mother and step father, Henry Awbrey, on Awbrey's plantation on the upper reaches of Hoskins Creek.

As a child, John probably attended the South Farnham Church, an Anglican church located between Hoskins and Piscattaway Creeks. In his will, John mentions the "Church Road", so apparently a road from the Meador homestead on Hoskins Creek led southeastward to the church. However, in the 1650's, the Quaker religion was being introduced in Virginia. The "Quiet Contemplation" of the Quakers and their reliance upon personal enlightenment found common ground with the self-reliant planters on the frontier. Despite the disapproval of the Anglican church, Quakerism spread rapidly throughout the settlements. Whether or not John himself became a Quaker is not known. However, two of his children, Jonas and Jason, did become Quakers.

John Meador was a planter; he grew tobacco and Indian corn on these lands over 300 years ago. In 1661, when John was only 5 years old, an Indian raid on the neighboring plantation of Richard and Addra White killed Elizabeth's (John future wife) brother, Thomas. The settlers had then petitioned the Jamestown Government for arms, forts and soldiers. They sent a "Petition of 15 Grievances", outlined under Thomas Meador, Jr.. Governor Berkeley ordered the colonists to band together, ten men to a house, and ordered a 500 man army raised to defend the frontiers. To support this army, a tax of 500 pounds of tobacco per poll was levied. This was very dear tax, as in that year (1676) there had been a severe drought and crop failure. An army of 250 men was raised, but proved ineffective against the hit and run tactics of the Indians.

Dissatisfaction with these measure led the colonists to raise a volunteer army of their own, and a wealthy, cocky newcomer from England, Nathaniel Bacon, was chosen as their leader. Bacon's request to the Governor for a commission to lead this army was refused, so he determined to set out on his own. With his little army, he raided some "tame" Pamunkeys, then assaulted some friendly Occaneechees, killing 30 of them. Governor Berkeley declared him a rebel, whereupon Bacon seized Jamestown and forced Berkeley to grant him a commission. Becon then issued a "Declaration of the People", which has since been hailed as democracy proclaimed a hundred years before the American Revolution. Protesting the colonial government even more than the Indian situation, Bacon decried the unjust taxation, the favoritism shown by the authorities, the monopoly of trade, and the poor defense of the colonies.

Governor Berkeley fled to lands east of the Potomac River, but his fortunes soon changed and he returned to Jamestown. Bacon then laid seige to the town, recapturing it, and burned it. When Bacon died in 1676, support for his rebellion faded away. In reprisal, Governor Berkeley seized much of the property of the rebels, and rewarded the loyalists with hugh grants of land.

At this time, John was less than ten years old, and records do not reveal the details of how his stepfather, Henry Awbrey, fared during these times. But it is a matter of record that Col. Thomas Goodrich and his son Benjamin were supporters of Bacon, for which they were fined 50,000 pounds of tobacco each and ordered to recant before the court with a rope about their necks. This Col. Goodrich did, but with a token cord instead of a rope, to demonstrate his contempt for the Governor's orders. The county court, of which Henry Awbrey was a member, permitted this display.

Upon attaining adult status, John occupied the land in the two grants. The 450 acre parcel became his home plantation. This coincided with his marriage to Elizabeth White, sometime between July 1677 and February 1678. John and Elizabeth had seven children: Richard, Thomas, Rachel, Elizabeth, John Jr., Hope and Esther.

John and Elizabeth were deeded her father's plantation "out of kindness and affection" for the care and maintenance of himself and his wife for the remainder of their lives. This plantation consisted of 33 acres on the north side of Hoskins Creek, opposite John's land.

In 1679, John sold the entire 320 acre grant to Ebenezer Stanfield. This land would never again return to the Meador family.

Meanwhile, the Rappahannock Indians had fled from their villages behind the settlers on the east bank of the river to sanctuary several miles upstream. In their absence, the lands were taken up by white settlers, and the Indians could not return. Decimated and broken, though having remained peaceful during the whole Bacon affair, their cause was championed by Henry Awbrey, the senior member of the County Court. Enlisting the help of about a dozen settlers, they were relocated, probably on Henry Awbrey's large grant lands, where there is a place which is still called Indian Neck. There is also a Rappahannock Indian church nearby, and there are reports that traces of an Indian settlement have been found on the Meador plantation.

Participating in the resettlement in January, 1684, were Henry Awbrey, who served as overseer and go-between as well as furnishing his boat; Robert Tomlin, Jr., who suppolied a sloop and a smaller boat; and several men, including John Meador. John was reimbursed by the court for 9 days service and the use of his horse.

Imagine being 3 or 4 years old, and knowing that hostile Indians raided a neighboring plantation and brutally murdered a young man living there. During your childhood years, the Indians were forced deep into the forest. Later, you marry the sister of that murdered man. And then, when you are about 26 years old, you help your step-father relocate and settle the Indians onto your step-father's own grant lands.

In 1689, John purchased 105 acres, which adjoined the 450 acre plantation on the south. He received an additional 190 acres, adjoining the 450 acre one, for the transportation of four people to the colony. On April 21, 1690, John received another 50 acres, which adjoined his own land, for the transportation of one more person.

By the early 1690's, John had 1,095 acres centering on the 450 acre grant, straddling Hoskins Creek upstream from Cheatwood Millpond.

Elizabeth died on August 17, 1694. On December 10, 1695, in anticipation of a second marriage, John made a deed of gift to h is seven children, dividing the bulk of his holdings (including the 450 acre grant) among his children. These lands were "NEVER TO BE SOLD OR DISPOSED OF, BUT TO REMAIN FROM HEIR TO HEIR AS LONG AS THERE CAN
BE ONE OF YE MEADORS FOUND ALIVE." However, within a few years, the lands passed into other hands.

John then remarried, but the name of his second wife is not known. Two daughters and four more sons were born to this second marriage: Jonas, Dinah, Mary, Joshua, Job and Jason. John had thirteen children in all. The names of all of these sons began with the letter "J". This custom was continued for several generations in the Meador family. It is not known why the all the sons of the first marriage were not named with names beginning with the letter "J" - only John, Jr.

Nearing 63 years, and aware of approaching death, he made his will on October 17, 1721. He died shortly thereafter in Essex County. His will was probated November 21, 1721.

His will mentioned "all my houses and orchards". John's 450 acre grant was divided among the children of his first wife; and portions of other lands were also divided to children of his second wife. A descendant, William Meador, retained some of this land.

In terms of wealth, the children of John Meador by his second wife received little from their father. The children by his first wife, Elizabeth, had already received the bulk of John's estate through his Deed of Gift before his remarriage. The oldest son, Richard, and Richard's descendants, appear to have ultimately obtained much of John's total estate. Richard Meador and his descendants tended to dominate others of the family, particularly those of the second marriage. The scattering of these latter children and their failure to take any significant advantage of the small amount of land left to them by John Meador may well
have been directly attributable to that dominance by Richard and his children. This could have been accentuated by their Quaker learnings.

In terms of prestige and political influence in the community, John Meador does not appear to have been outstanding; but rather to have been just an average citizen. While he presumably should have benefited from his relationship to the Awbreys (his step-father's wealthy and influential family), there is little indication that he was treated favorably by this family.

The last resting place of John Meador and his family is unknown. A visit to the old plantation now reveals no trace of the houses or cemetaries that once may have been there. The lands are now occupied by a large wheat field and by thick woods.

** John Meador's Deed of Gift:
Know all men by these presents that I, John Meador Senior, widower, in ye county of Essex in ye Parish of South Phernam, for ye love I bear to my children that I had by my wife Elizabeth Meador deceased, I doe hereby give them such persell of land that I shall set downe severall by themselves. All ye land that I have on ye West side of a branch that goeth by ye name of a great branch I do give to my son Richard Meador and my son John Meador it shall be divided as I shall see fit between them as near as I can divide it to they and their heirs lawfully begotten of their owne bodies for ever. A parcell of land beginning at a
Cole Spring by my orchard fence and running West and by North till it meets with ye great branch, so along ye great branch till it comes to ye maine swamp of ye creeke, them downe ye swamp till it comes to ye Cole Spring branch, then up ye branch where it begun, being a long neck of land, I do give to my son Thomas Meador and his heirs lawfully begotten of his owne body for ever. A parcell of land beginning at my oppermost line by John Evans land by ye head of a branch at a marked white oake and running downe ye branch till it meets with ye maine swamp ye branch beeing crooked all ye lands that I have within my bounds of ye east side of that branch being a great deal of old fields belonging to it I doe give to my son Hope Meador and his heirs lawfully begotten of his body for ever. I doe give to my daughter Rachell Meador one hundred and five acres of land that I bought of Mr. Edwin Thacker to she and her heirs for ever. A parcell of land lyeing into the neck the north side of the
Creek which my father in law Richard White gave to me by deed of Gift I doe by the virtue of that Deed of Gift I does give to my daughter Elizabeth Meader ye second neck and my daughter Esther Meader the neck that has ye Housing and orchards to them and their heirs lawfully begotten of their owne bodies for ever. The land given unto my sons and daughters never to be sold nor disposed of but to rem aine from heir to heir as long as there can be one of ye Meaders found alive, if it ye Lords will to call any of my Sons or Daughters before me and any of them shall dye before me, ye land of ye deed to returne to me again to my disposing. I doe reserve and except myself Timber upon any parts of ye land for my own use as long as I live as Witness my hand and seale this tenth day of December, 1694.

John Meador (seale)
sealed and dtd. in the presents of us
Mary (X) Gorbell
Joseph (F) Calloway

At a court held for Essex County Febry. ye llth anno Dom. 1694 the within named John Meader appeared and acknowledged the within specified contents to be his Real Act and Deed, ye same was ordered to be recorded.

Teste. Francis Meriwether, Cl. Ct.

** Will of John Meador:
In the Name of God, Amen. I, John Meador of Essex County, being sick and weak in body, but of sound mind and perfect memory, blessed by God, therefore do make and ordain this to be my Last Will and Testament in the manner and form
following:

First and principally, I commend my soul into the hands that giveth, hoping the meritorious death and passion of my Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ, to receive full pardon and forgiveness of all my sins and offences, and a joyful resurrection in the last day; and my body to be decently buried at the direction of my executors hereafter named. And as for my worldly goods:
Item. I give to my son Thomas Meador, one shilling.
Item. I give to my daughter Rachell Jordan, one shilling.
Item. I give to my daughter Elizabeth Armstrong, one shilling.
Item. I give to my daughter Dinah Tribille, one shilling.
Item. My desire is that my five sons shall keep their own guns without appraising.
Item. I give to my daughter Mary Meador, one gold ring.
Item. I give to my son Jonas Meador a small piece of land joining upon Thomas Evinses land and running up to the church road that goes from my house, then up a (long?) road a small course until it comes to a vale that goes to ye branch, so down the branch till it comes to the forks of the branch where it begins, and from the forks to ye first beginning. And the rest of my land I give to my other four sons, to be equally divided, with all my houses and orchards thereon belonging, and I do appoint my two sons Job Meador and Jason Meador my lawful Executors.
Item. I give to my son Joshua Meador one chest not to be appraised, and the rest of my estate to be equally divided amongst my children and leave to my youngest sons to be of age at seventeen and I do leave my son Jonas Meador to look after them three years. And that my will not to be in force till my decease.

Witness my hand and seal this 17th day of October, yr. 1721.

John Meador Senior (seal)

Teste:
Samuel Waggoner
Francis F Poarris
Ann A Bradbury

Presented for probate Nov. 21, 1721 by Jonas Meador during the minority of the executor in the said will mentioned, with
oaths by Samuel Waggoner, Francis Pierce and Ann Bradbury.

** Inventory of John Meador, Sr.:

2 cows & yearling l dozen new spoons
2 barren cows ? doz. old ditto
1 young stear & hefer 3 pas. forks & 6 of spire
6 head of sheep 2 towells
l horse & mare 2 pare of sheares
25 new pewter parcell of old iron
42 old pewter 1 chest & lumber
parcell shoemakers tools chest & caine
parcell of books chest & box
parcell of candle stubbs 2 mills baggs
parcell of tinn 1 feather bed & furn.
parcell of earthenware ditto
parcell of glass bottles ditto
parcell of old lumber ditto
2 laterns parcell of old spools
Lord 2 bolts 2 spinning wheels
parcell of segitt bootes collar & hames
parcell of small sillards parcell of olifford
drinking glass 2 parcell of lasts
looking glass parcell of coopers & carpenters tools
curing panse & steall 2 old pads
1 warming pan & sinior 4 new hames
pare of old wool cards 1 old chest & lumber
pare of porbett comperios parcell of nails
1 gunn & irowring rod 4 old barrells
parcell of boewls & trays 2 old mills baggs
parcell of old chairs & table & furniture
2 bushells of soft joynter
1 skillet 1 linen wheel
2 pare of fire tongs & fire shovells 16 lbs. woolt
1 spitt parcell of baskoft
2 potts 2 sadles & bridles
1 cutting knife parcell of planks
pare old baltol parcell of banded leather
1 brass cord eddy hook
parcell of old umblott 2 raw hides
2 shott baggs & powder horns old table
parcell of earthen ware 1 cart & wheales
copper pott 1 hive of beases
2 frine pans old grinder
1 spiro mortar parcell of old carque & basrolls
106 pott iron parcell of cotton
parcell of old pott iron 1 lines & harness
his own waring cloaths 5 bushels wheat
parcell of money scales & rule parcell of canhooks
2/6 cash 1 small auger
parcell of mall lumber 6 years of caterloons stuff
pare of large scales parcell of lumber

He was married to Elizabeth WHITE (daughter of Richard WHITE and Addra MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN) in 1677 in Rappahanock , Essex County, Virginia. Elizabeth WHITE was born in 1657 in Rappahanock , Essex County, Virginia. She died on Aug 17 1694 in Rappahanock , Essex County, Virginia. She has Ancestral File number 9BV8-BH. John MEADOR Sr and Elizabeth WHITE had the following children:

child+13 i. Jason MEADOR.
child+14 ii. Richard MEADOR.
child+15 iii. John MEADOR Jr..
child16 iv. Esther MEADOR died before 1721.
child17 v. Hope MEADOR was born in 1684 in Old Rappahannock, Essex County, Virginia. He died before 1721 in Rappahanock , Essex County, Virginia. Yes this is a male. It is not an error!
child+18 vi. Thomas MEADOR.
child+19 vii. Elizabeth MEADOR.
child+20 viii. Rachel MEADOR.

He was married to Unknown AWBRY after 1695. Unknown AWBRY has Ancestral File number 9BV8-BH. John MEADOR Sr and Unknown AWBRY had the following children:

child+21 i. Dinah MEADOR.
child22 ii. Mary MEADOR was born in 1685 in , , Virginia.
child+23 iii. Jonas MEADOR.
child24 iv. Job MEADOR was born in 1693 in , , Virginia.
child+13 v. Jason MEADOR.
child25 vi. Joshua MEADOR was born in 1691 in , , Virginia.