(Prince) CHARLES EDWARD LOUIS (Bonnie Prince Charlie)
(1) was born on 31 Dec 1720 in Rome. He died on 31 Jan 1788 in Rome.
"The Young Pretender," or "Bonnie Prince Charlie" The Jacobite
Bonnie Prince Charlie, grandson of James II, set out in 1746 to reclaim the throne
for the Catholic Stuart's. He and his rebels won every battle in their nine month
campaign-- except the last. By the time his forces met the British at Culloden,
they were fragmenting,
made desperate by a shortage of food and pay.
The Prince having fallen out with his top general, had taken command for the
first time and made a number of blunders.
Drummossie Moor was unsuitable for ambush tactics of the Highlanders but idea
for the artillery and cavalry of the British. The battle is legendary for its
brutality. Wounded Scots were shot or bayoneted. Retreating Scots were slaughtered
all along the five-mile road to Inverness. While the rebels lost 2,000 soldiers,
only 300 British troops were killed or wounded.
The prince hid out in the Highlands for five months before escaping to France.
Jacobite rebellions failed in 1690, 1715 and 1719. Colloden was their final defeat.
Parents: (Prince) JAMES FRANCIS EDWARD III (Prince of
Wales) and Maria Casimire Clementina SOBIESKI
He was married to LOUISE MAXIMILIENNE CAROLINE
on 17 Apr 1772 in Macerata.
CHARLES II(1) was born on 29 May 1630
in St James' Palace. He died on 6 Feb 1685 in Whitehall Palace. He was buried
in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.
King Accession to throne: 30 Jan 1649 Restored to the English throne 29 May 1660
Parents: (King) Charles I STUART and
(Queen) HENRIETTA MARIA.
He was married to CATHERINE
HENRIETTA on 21 May 1662 in Portsmouth, Rhode Island.
He was married to
AUGUSTA on 16 Jan 1764 in St. James' Palace. Children were:
CHARLES II(1) King of Navarre
CHARLES II (The Bald)(1) was born about
823. He died about 877.
Rex francorum, King of France (838), Emperor (875) King of the Franks "The
Bald" Joint Ruler Lothair, & Louis 840-843 Reign 843-877 Parents:
(Emperor) LOUIS I (The Pious) and JUDITH (Bavaria)
He was married to ERMENTRUDE in 842. Children
were: (King) CHARLES II (The Fat),
JUDITH, (Abbess) ERMENTRUDE,
(Abbot) LOTHAIR, (King) LOUIS II (The Stammerer)
, (King) CHARLES (King of Aquitaine),
(Abbott) CARLOMAN, (Abbess) ROTRUDE.
were: PEPIN (Twin), DROGO
CHARLES II (The Fat)(1) was born about
839. He died about 888. Reign 884-887 Parents: (Emperor)
CHARLES II (The Bald) and ERMENTRUDE.
CHARLES III (The Simple)(1) was born
about 879. He died about 929.
Charles III (The Simple) King of the West Franks (893-929) Reign 898-922 King
of France "The Simple" Parents: (King) LOUIS
II (The Stammerer) and ADELAIDE (Paris).
CHARLES IV (King of Bohemia)(1). Holy
Children were: ANNE (Anne of Bohemia)
CHARLES IV(1) was born in 1295 in Clermont,
Oise, France. He died on 1 Feb 1328 in Vincennes, Val-De-Marne, France. He
was buried on 7 Feb 1328 in Saint Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, France. He was baptised
into the LDS church on 24 Jun 1933. He has reference number 8XJH-74. Parents:
(King) PHILIPPE IV (King of France) and
(Queen) JUANA (JEANNE) (Queen of France).
He was married to
Marie De LUXEMBOURG on 21 Sep 1322 in Provins, Seine-Et-Marne, France.
He was married to Jeanne D' EVREUX on 5 Jul 1325
in Paris, Seine, France.
CHARLES IX (King of France) was born. Charles IX (of France) (1550-74),
king of France (1560-74), born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye. The son of Henry II
and Catherine de Medicis, he succeeded his older brother, Francis II. During
his minority and after 1563, when he assumed active rule, Charles remained under
the domination of his mother. Intrigues and religious wars between Roman Catholics
and Huguenots (Protestants) marked the entire course of his reign. In 1572 he
was persuaded by Catherine to approve the Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre, in
which thousands of Huguenots were killed. Charles was succeeded by his brother
Henry III. He died. Parents: (King) HENRY II and
Catherine De MADICIS.
CHARLES JAMES (Duke of Cornwall)(1)
was born on 13 May 1629 in Greenwich Palace, England. He died on 13 May 1629
in Greenwich Palace, England. Parents: (King) Charles
I STUART and (Queen) HENRIETTA MARIA.
CHARLES LOUIS FREDERICK(1) Duke of
Children were: SOPHIA CHARLOTTE
CHARLES V (King of France) was born about 1337. Charles V King of France
was born in 1337. Died in 1380. Reigned in 1364/1380. Charles V (of France),
called The Wise (1337-80), king of France (1364-80), born in Vincennes. He was
the son of King John II. When John was captured in September 1356 by the English
at Poitiers during the Hundred Years' War, Charles assumed the regency. The most
significant events of his regency were the Jacquerie (a peasant revolt) and the
insurrection of Paris under Étienne Marcel(circa 1315-58). Upon the death
(1364) of his father, Charles ascended the throne. War with the English continued
for a number of years, but with results highly favorable to Charles, who stripped
them of most of their conquests in France and strengthened the power of the monarchy.
A generous patron of literature and the arts, Charles founded (1367) the first
royal library in France. During his reign the Bastille was added to the fortifications
of Paris. He was succeeded by his son, Charles VI. He died about 1380.
was married. Children were: (King) CHARLES VI (King
CHARLES V (Emperor Holy Roman Empire) was born on 24 Feb 1500 in Ghent, Belgium.
Charles V Holy Roman Emporer was born on 24 Feb 1500 in Ghent, Belgium. Died
on 21 Sep 1558 in San Jeronimo de Yusta, Estremdura, Spain. Reigned in 1519/1558.
Charles V (Holy Roman Empire) (1500-58), Holy Roman emperor (1519-58), and,
as Charles I, king of Spain (1516-56), who fought a losing battle to keep his
Roman Catholic empire together in the face of emergent Protestantism and outside
Charles was the son of Philip I, archduke of Austria (1478-1506), and Joanna
(1479-1555); maternal grandson of Ferdinand V of Castile and Isabella I; paternal
grandson of the Habsburg Holy Roman emperor Maximilian I; and great-grandson
of Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy. He was born in Ghent (now in Belgium)
on February 24, 1500. On the death of his father in 1506, Charles inherited the
Burgundian realm; following the death of Ferdinand in 1516, he became ruler of
the vast Spanish kingdom; and when Maximilian died in 1519, he gained the duchy
of Austria and with his younger brother, Ferdinand, later Emperor Ferdinand I,
succeeded to the duchies of Hungary and Bohemia of the house of Habsburg. In
1519, Charles, having bribed the electors, was designated Holy Roman emperor;
he was crowned King of Germany in Aix-la-Chapelle (now Aachen, Germany), on October
Charles was now by far the most powerful sovereign in Christendom. His inherited
lands far exceeded those of the Frankish emperor Charlemagne. His territory included
the Spanish kingdoms of Aragón and Castile; the Netherlands; the Italian
states of Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia; Spanish conquests in America and Africa;
and the Habsburg lands. He ascended the imperial throne at a time when Germany
was agitated by Martin Luther. In an unsuccessful attempt to restore tranquillity,
a great diet was held in Worms in 1521, before which Luther made a memorable
defense of his doctrines. At this time rivalry between France and Spain over
the Italian lands and Burgundy led King Francis I of France to take up arms against
Charles, whose attention was drawn away from Germany's internal affairs.
The war between Charles and Francis, in which Charles was allied with Henry VIII
of England and the powerful Charles, duke of Bourbon (1490-1527), proved disastrous
to France. Francis was taken prisoner in 1525, when the French were defeated
at Pavia (near Milan, Italy). In January 1526 he was forced to sign the Treaty
of Madrid, relinquishing his claim to Italy and abandoning Burgundy. Soon after
his release the following year, Francis renewed the struggle, now aided by Henry
VIII and Pope Clement VII, who was anxious to rid Italy of the imperial armies.
The pope was captured at Rome in 1527 and was kept captive for seven months.
The war ended with the signing by Charles and Francis of the Peace of Cambrai
in 1529. Francis again renounced the Italian lands, and Charles ceded Burgundy
to France. In 1530 the pope crowned the victorious monarch in Bologna as Holy
Roman emperor, the last coronation of a German emperor by the pope.
Charles had been anxious to end the war with the French so that he could put
down the religious revolt in Germany and prevent the Ottoman Turks from overrunning
Europe. The Turks controlled the Balkan Peninsula, and in 1526, the year that
Ferdinand I laid claim to the Hungarian throne, Sultan Suleiman swept over Hungary.
Three years later the Turks laid siege to Vienna. In 1535 the Genoese admiral
Andrea Doria, in the service of Charles, led an expedition to Africa, defeated
the Turks at Tunis, and freed about 20,000 Christian slaves. In 1538 Charles
formed an anti-Turkish alliance with Pope Paul III and the city-state of Venice.
The alliance was unsuccessful, and in 1547 Ferdinand signed a 5-year treaty with
The failure of Charles to repel the Turks resulted in part from his inability
to bring religious peace to his empire, particularly Germany. The spread of disorder
during the Reformation emboldened the German princes to seek autonomy for their
states. The peasants took advantage of the turmoil in 1524 and revolted. In 1530,
shortly after his coronation, Charles convoked a diet in Augsburg to discuss
the religious problem. The Protestant princes stated their creed in the Augsburg
Confession, which was unacceptable to Charles. Negotiations thereafter failed,
and in 1531 the princes formed the Schmalkaldic League. The domestic unrest and
the continued war with the Turks forced the emperor to postpone his suppression
of the Protestants and to grant them some liberties in 1532 in the Peace of Nuremberg.
In 1536 Charles was again at war with France. The war was terminated by the Treaty
of Nice in 1538, granting Francis most of the Piedmont region of Italy. The war
was resumed in 1542 and ended in 1544 by the Treaty of Crépy, which largely
reaffirmed the earlier Peace of Cambrai. Charles, no longer fighting the French
or Turks, turned his attention to the princes and the city-states of the Schmalkaldic
League. In 1546 the emperor moved against the southern German principalities,
and at Mühlberg, Saxony, on April 24, 1547, he scored a decisive victory
against the Protestants. His success was temporary; in 1551 Magdeburg, a great
stronghold of Protestantism, fell to Maurice, duke of Saxony (1521-53), but Maurice,
who had previously supported the emperor, suddenly deserted Charles, allying
himself with King Henry II of France. Charles fled before the Protestants. In
1552, through his brother Ferdinand, he concluded the Peace of Passau, by which
the Lutheran states were allowed the exercise of their religion. In 1555 the
settlement was reaffirmed in the Peace of Augsburg. Meanwhile, in 1552, Henry
II had seized the bishoprics of Toul, Metz, and Verdun, and an attempt by the
emperor to reconquer Metz failed.
Weary of the constant struggles and heavy responsibilities of his scattered realms,
Charles in 1555 resigned the Netherlands and, in 1556, Spain, to his son Philip
II. In 1558 Charles abdicated the imperial crown in favor of his brother, Ferdinand
I, and retired to the monastery of San Jerónimo de Yuste in Estremadura,
Spain. He died there, on September 21, 1558.
He died on 21 Sep 1558 in Estremdura, Spain. Parents:
(Archduke) PHILIP I (Archdudke of Austria) and JOANNA
Children were: CLAUDE,
JOHN (John of Austria), PHILIP II.
CHARLES VI (King of France)(1) was
born about 1368. Charles VI King of France was born in 1368. Died in 1422.
Reigned in 1380/1422. Charles VI (of France) (1368-1422), king of France (1380-1422).
He was the son of King Charles V. After his father's death in 1380, he was under
the guardianship of a ducal council until 1388, when he rejected its regency
and began to reign in his own right. Charles ruled well until 1392, when he became
insane. In the ensuing contest for control of the kingdom, France suffered grievously
from civil wars between the Armagnacs (house of Orléans) and the Burgundians.
The English took advantage of the internal strife to invade France. They won
the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, conquered Normandy in 1417, captured Rouen in
1419 and Paris in 1420, and imposed on Charles the Treaty of Troyes (1420). Under
this treaty Charles was compelled to marry his daughter to Henry V and to confer
on Henry or his heir the right of succession to the French throne.
He died about 1422. King of France Parents: (King)
CHARLES V (King of France).
Children were: ISABELLA
CHARLES VII (King of France) was born about 1403 in Paris, France. Charles
VII (of France) (1403-61), king of France (1422-61), born in Paris. He was the
eldest surviving son of King Charles VI. When his father died in 1422, the French
throne did not pass to Charles but to the infant King Henry VI of England, who
was his nephew. The English inheritance had been stipulated by the Treaty of
Troyes (1420), which ended a phase of the Hundred Years' War. Northern France
was thereafter ruled by John of Lancaster, regent for Henry, and southern France
was governed by Charles, who was called the Dauphin. During the next six years,
the English, strengthened by an alliance with Philip the Good, the powerful duke
of Burgundy, scored several major military victories. The tide of the war changed
when Joan of Arc lifted the siege of Orléans and won the Battle of Patay
in the spring of 1429. Charles was crowned king of France on July 17, 1429, in
Rheims Cathedral. In 1435, when Duke Philip abandoned the English cause and formed
an alliance with Charles, a French victory seemed inevitable. The king entered
Paris in 1436. In the following years the English lost all their French possessions
except Calais. The last battle of the Hundred Years' War, a disastrous defeat
for the English, was fought at Castillon (now in Gironde Department) on July
17, 1453. Charles was not a strong monarch, but he reformed the military, instituted
sound fiscal policies, and encouraged trade. He was succeeded by his son Louis
XI, who had been in revolt against his father since 1446.
He died about 1461.
Children were: (King) LOUIS XI
(King of France).
(1) was born in 1809. He died in 1877.
of Hesse Parents: (Duke) LUDWIG II (Duke of Hesse)
(Grand Duke) LUDWIG IV.
CHARLES (Duke of Cambridge)(1) was
born on 22 Oct 1660 in Worcester House, London. He died on 5 May 1661 in Whitehall,
England. Parents: (Duke) JAMES II (Duke of York)
and Anne HYDE.
CHARLES (Duke of Kendal)(1) was born
on 4 Jul 1666 in St. James' Palace. He died on 20 Jun 1667 in Richmond Palace.
Parents: (Duke) JAMES II (Duke of York) and
(Duke of Cambridge)(1) was born on
7 Nov 1677 in St. James' Palace. He died on 12 Dec 1677 in St. James' Palace.
Parents: (Duke) JAMES II (Duke of York) and
MARY BEATRICE ELEANORA.
Duke) CHARLES(1) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Children were: FREDERICA CAROLINE SOPHIA.
CHARLES(1). Duke of Burgundy
CHARLES (Count of Valois)(1) was born
about 1270. He was born on 12 Mar 1270/71 in Vincennes, Val-De-Marne, France.
He died about 1325. He died on 16 Dec 1325 in Nogent-Le-Rotrou, Eure-et-Loire,
France. He was buried in St Jacques, Paris, Seine, France. He has reference
number FGFB-WR. Count of Valois Parents: (King) PHILIPPE
III and (Princess) ISABELLA (Aragon). Parents:
(King) PHILIPPE III and
(Princess) ISABELLA (Aragon).
(Countess) Jeanne De VALOIS (Countess of Hainault).
He was married to
Catherine De COURTENAY on 8 Feb 1301 in St Cloud, Haute-de-Seine, France.
He was married to Matilde (Mahaud) De CHATILLON in
Jun 1308 in Poitiers, Vienne, France.
He was married to
(Princess) MARGUERITE (Princess of Sicily & Naples) on 16 Aug 1290 in
Corbeil, Marne, France. He was sealed to spouse SUBMITTED. Children were:
Isabel De VALOIS, (King) Philippe VI De VALOIS (France)
, (Countess) Jeanne De VALOIS (Countess of Hainault)
, Marguerite De VALOIS,
Charles II "Magnanime" De VALOIS, Catherine
CHARLES(1) King of France Accession
to throne: December 1560
(1) was born in 876. He died in 877.
Parents: (Emperor) CHARLES II (The Bald) and
CHARLES (King of Aquitaine)(1) was
born in 847/48. He died in 866. King of Aquitaine (855) Parents:
(Emperor) CHARLES II (The Bald) and ERMENTRUDE
CHARLES (The Younger)(1) was born in
772 in Aachen, Rhineland, Prussia. He died on 4 Dec 811. He was sealed to parents
on 8 Apr 1936. He has reference number 9GCD-2D. King of Nuestria (790) Parents:
(Emperor) CHARLEMAGNE (King of the Franks) and
(Emperess) HILDEGARD. Parents: (Emperess) HILDEGARD
CHARLES (Duke of Lorraine)(1) was born
before 952 in Laon, Aisne, France. He died between 21 May 992 and 994 in Kerker,
Orleans, France. He was buried in St. Servatius, Maastricht. He has reference
number 9GDD-8J. Parents: (Duke) Gilbert LORRAINE
and (Princess) GERBERGE (Princess of Germany).
He was married to (Duchess) BONNE ADELAIDE (Duchess
of Lorraine) about 972. Children were: (Duke) OTHON
(Duke of Lower Lorraine), (Countess) ERMENGARDE (ADELAIDE)
(Countess of Namur), GERBERGA (Lorraine),
(Duke) EUDES (Duke of Lower Lorraine).
CHARLES (King of Provence)(1) was born
about 828 in Alsace, Lorraine, France. He died on 24 Jun 863. He was baptised
into the LDS church on 2 Mar 1940. He was endowed on 30 Apr 1940. He has reference
number 9GCW-JV. Parents: (Emperor) LOTHAIRE (King of
Italy) and (Empress) ERMENGARDE.
CHARLOTTE AUGUSTA LOUISA(1) was born
on 27 Mar 1819 in Furstenhof, Hanover. She died on 27 Mar 1819 in Furstenhof,
Hanover. Princess Parents: (King) WILLIAM IV (King
of England) and ADELAIDE.
CHARLOTTE AUGUSTA MATILDA(1) was born
on 29 Sep 1766 in Buckingham House, England. She died on 6 Oct 1828 in Ludwigsburg.
Princess Royal Parents: (King) GEORGE III and
She was married to (King) FREDERICK
I on 18 May 1797 in Chapel Royal, St. James' Palace.
MARIA(1) was born on 16 Aug 1682 in
St. James' Palace. She died on 6 Oct 1682 in St. James' Palace. Parents:
(Duke) JAMES II (Duke of York) and MARY BEATRICE
(1) was born on 7 Jan 1796 in Carlton House,
London, England. She died on 6 Nov 1817 in Claremont House, Esher, Surrey, England.
Parents: (King) GEORGE IV and
She was married to (King) LEOPOLD GEORGE
FREDERICK (King of Belgians) on 2 May 1816 in Carlton House, London, England.
CHARLOTTE (Princess of Prussia)(1)
became "Aleksandra Feodorovna" in preparation to her marriage.
She was married to NICHOLAS I on 1 Jul 1817. Children
were: (Emperor) ALEXANDER II (Russia).
(Charlotte of Savoy)
She was married to (King)
LOUIS XI (King of France) about 1447.
Richard CHARLTON and Anne MAINWARING.
were: Elizabeth GROSVENOR.
Smithwick CHARLTON(1) was born about
1680. She has reference number 1263-DG5. Parents:
(Judge) William W. CHARLTON and Susannah SMITHWICK
She was married to Luke MIZELL III between 1706
and 1711 in Edenton, North Carolina. Children were:
Luke MIZELL IV, Mary MIZELL,
William MIZELL, Charlton MIZELL SR.,
Edward MIZELL, John MIZELL.
William W. CHARLTON(1)
Sarah Smithwick CHARLTON.
She was married to
Samuel PEARCE about 1833.
De CHATEAUDUN(1) was born about 1227.
She has reference number 91SD-B7.
She was married to
Jean De BRIENNE in 1251.
Jeanne CHATELLERAND(1) has reference
II De CHATILLON(1) has reference number
He was married to Mahaut (Maud) De BRABANT
on 16 Jan 1255 in Neapel.
(Mahaud) De CHATILLON(1) has reference
She was married to (Count) CHARLES
(Count of Valois) in Jun 1308 in Poitiers, Vienne, France.
CHAUCER(1) has reference number DCSJ-S0.
He was married to Phillipa De ROET before Sep 1366
in London, Middlesex, England.
He was married to
Zora WILLIAMS on 15 Dec 1918. Children were: Valore
CHAUNCEY, Christine CHAUNCEY.
Bert CHAUNCEY and Zora WILLIAMS.
Bert CHAUNCEY and Zora WILLIAMS.
De CHAUVIGUY(1) has reference number
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